Musculoskeletal Health Guide

Good posture is an essential and integral part of a person’s overall health. In fact, a person is not on top of their game if they do not observe correct posture. This is because improper posture can compromise one’s health and prevent them from functioning 100%.

Causes of Bad Posture

Most people are unaware that they are slipping into bad habits and would only realize it when their health is already compromised. This can be seen while watching TV for prolonged periods of time, doing sedentary work such as desk jobs and wearing of restrictive clothes or shoes which can result to injuries or accidents. Lack of exercise also contributes to weight gain, weak muscle as well as lack of sleep due to poor sleeping supports.

Bad posture can lead to a person experiencing fatigue, aching muscles as well as pain. Lack of exercise compounds the problem and limits the muscle’s mobility. A person may also develop imbalance which makes them susceptible to accidents and degeneration of other body parts compromising the musculoskeletal health. Not only does poor posture affect the musculoskeletal system, it also creates havoc in the body’s other systems such as in the respiratory system where prolonged periods of sitting can cause shortened front muscle that leads to difficulty of breathing. It can also cause poor blood circulation, indigestion and back and neck problems. Poor posture can happen in three areas of the body – lower leg area, lumbar area and the upper extremities of the body.

Correct Body Posture

Good posture happens when the whole body is in perfect alignment meaning that the joints are aligned and are properly supported by their own support network and balance is created. To be able to correct one’s posture, it is first important to determine and assess one’s body position. This way one would be able to remind oneself if they fall into the incorrect posture. There are simple to advanced exercises that one can follow to improve their posture including stretching and yoga poses. Although improper posture can be self-corrected, it takes a great sense of dedication and repetitive action to develop the habit.

Taking a picture of the correct sitting position and sticking it to the place where you work can help prompt you to prevent slouching and remind you of the correct way of sitting. When you are sleeping, it is important to level your head with your spine; one can do this by using a small pillow below their head. Do sleep on your side to keep your spine aligned. For bending motions, it is best to bend your knees and keep your back straight before lifting or reaching.